Multimatics Insight

Get to Know: 4 Types of Risk Management

Get to Know: 4 Types of Risk Management

Within every business operations and processes, there are possibilities of unexpected incidents or mishaps occured. In order to ensure the overall business operation run smoothly, organizations should prepare mature IT operations and information system. Risk is an unavoidable component in organizations, specifically in information systems. Therefore, a specifically tailored strategy is needed to minimize risks and threats in organization.

Risk Management should become a Priority!

Organizations should not put their risk management at neglect. Risk management is an essential part of any organization's operations, as it helps to ensure the long-term success and viability of the organization. Processes and procedures included in risk management allows IT managers to balance the operational and economic costs of protective measures and achieve gains in mission capability by protecting IT systems and data that support the organizations’ business goals. Risk management should be proactive, reduce the number of uncertainty, and deliver better understanding of the most possible results of unexpected incidents. Effective risk management involves a systematic approach that begins with identifying the sources of risk that could negatively impact the organization.

Here are 5 types of Risk Management you should know!

1. Risk Avoidance

Risk avoidance is a risk management strategy that involves completely avoiding or eliminating a risk. This technique requires organization to withdraw from a risk scenario or deciding not to participate. Organization can avoid risks through policy and procedures, training and development, and technology implementation. Risk avoidance can be an effective strategy when the potential impacts of the risk are severe and the cost of avoiding the risk is relatively low. However, it is not always possible or practical to completely avoid certain risks, and in these cases, organizations may need to consider other risk management strategies such as risk reduction, risk transfer, or risk acceptance.

2. Risk Reduction

Risk reduction involves taking steps to reduce the impact of a risk. This means that the organization takes action to either decrease the probability that the risk will occur or to minimize the the impact if the risk does occur. Several ways to reduce risks are including:

  1. Implementing controls or safeguards to prevent the risk from happening
  2. Changing business processes or practices to reduce the possibilities of the emerging risks
  3. Diversifying the organization's assets or operations to spread the risk across multiple areas
  4. Training employees to recognize and manage risks
  5. Purchasing insurance to cover potential losses

Risk reduction is often a more practical risk management strategy than risk avoidance, as it is not always possible to completely eliminate certain risks. By reducing the probability or impact of a risk, organizations can protect themselves against potential losses and uncertainties and increase their chances of success.

This technique set a certain level of risks considered as acceptable and make efforts on minimizing risks. This involves a wide range of activities, including risk assessment, risk prevention, and risk mitigation.

3. Risk Transfer

This techniques shifting the potential impacts of a risk from the organization to another party, such as an insurer or a third-party service provider. This can be done through tools such as insurance policies, contracts, or financial instruments. Risk transfer can be an effective risk management strategy in certain situations, as it allows organizations to protect themselves against potential losses and uncertainties without having to bear the full cost of those risks themselves. However, it is important to carefully consider the terms of the risk transfer arrangement, as the organization may still be responsible for certain risks or may have to pay premiums or fees to the other party.

4. Risk Retention

Risk retention can involve setting up expenses to cover potential losses, or self-insuring by establishing a reserve or self-insurance fund. It can also involve taking steps to prevent or mitigate the risk, such as implementing safety measures or adopting risk management best practices. Risk retention can also cause significant losses if the risk materializes.

Effective risk management includes both internal and external risks, such as financial instability or technological failures. Once the risks have been prioritized, the organiz.ation can develop strategies for managing those risks. Using these 4 types of Risk Management, organizations can mitigate the risk through the implementation of controls or develop contingency plans to counter the impacts.

Strengthen your Information Security skill with Multimatics now!


Baia, Xiwen, et.al. (2022). Data-driven financial and operational risk management: Empirical evidence from the global tramp shipping industry. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tre.2022.102617

Singh, Nitya. (2020). Developing Business Risk Resilience through Risk Management Infrastructure: The Moderating Role of Big Data Analytics. https://doi.org/10.1080/10580530.2020.1833386

Didiraga, Otniel. (2013). The Role and the Effects of Risk Management in IT Project Success. Informatica Economica vol. 17, no. 1/2013. DOI: 10.12948/issn14531305/17.1.2013.08

Björnsdóttir, Svana. H. et.al. (2021). The Importance of Risk Management: What is Missing in ISO Standards? https://doi.org/10.1111/risa.13803

Share this on:

Scroll to Top