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The Importance of IT Governance in Cloud Computing: Challenges and Best Practices

The Importance of IT Governance in Cloud Computing: Challenges and Best Practices

When organizations adapt to flexible and scalable work enviroment, the hybrid cloud operating modes can support their IT teams to manage complexity in their infrastructure and enforces established policies. The higher data complexity and volume requires different approach for organization to process, store, combine, and present the information into a valuable knowledge. Cloud technology enables organization to integrate their resouces and processes to work in proper environment under a comprehensive system. According to a survey by Cisco, cloud data centers will process 94% of workloads in 2021. This shows that the urgency of data processing and restoring cannot be put aside. the In this case, cloud technology is started to move into various divisions, including IT governance.

Nowadays, Cloud Computing presents as the new revolution of IT. It represents a significant change that has an impact on how services are provided. Its usage also has led to a critical reliance on IT that requires focus on IT Governance.

Defining IT Governance in Cloud Computing

Cloud governance is the process of developing, implementing, and maintaining a framework that directs an organization's cloud activities. To ensure consistent performance of the cloud services, this process controls how users work in cloud settings.

A comprehensive cloud governance can help organizations:

  1. Improve business continuity

    Organizations may create clearer action plans with improved visibility across all business units.

  2. Optimize resources and infrastructure

    Increasing monitoring and control over cloud computing can help to use resources and control costs more effectively.

  3. Maximize performance

    Organizations can maximize performance by removing productivity bottlenecks and simplifying management procedures.

  4. Increase compliance with policies and standards

    Organizations are assisted in adhering to applicable laws, standards, and their own internal governance principles with compliance monitoring.

Challenges in Cloud Governance

However, despite of advantages and benefits offered by cloud governance to the growth of the organization, there is no framework without any flaws. Here are several challenges that should be prepared by organization when implementing Cloud Governance :

  1. Security

    Cloud governance adds new dimensions to some features which can lead to security weaknesses such as vulnerabilities and data leakage.

  2. Compliance

    As every cloud provider is different, organizations need to understand how one service interfaces with another and how data flow can affect the data.

  3. Service-Level Agreements

    As there’s no standardization, not all SLAs will meet the requirements of the organization as there are differences in metrics, limitations, and availability.

Best Practices in Cloud Governance

In order for organization to carefully strategize their cloud governance, these several method can be used to effectively

  1. Establish multi-cloud-wide observability

    Establish observability practices to reduce the complexity that comes with multi-cloud.

  2. Build transparency into cloud costs

    An organization must implement the appropriate tools to track cloud spending if it wants to be transparent about cloud costs.

  3. Apply automation to support your multi-cloud strategy

    Automation focuses on reducing the complexity of operational and security duties Where it makes financial sense.

  4. Document your multi-cloud reference architecture and operations

    To aid in cross-training your teams and future planning, document teams’ cloud works

Although cloud computing offers many advantages, there are also risks involved. To manage risks related to cloud computing, organization must modify their current IT governance to successfully incorporate cloud computing.

All in all, the importance of data and asset plays pivotal role for any organisation’s success and therefore need strategic approach for better improvement. Designing IT Governance and cloud computing will help organization to strategize, monitor, and manage several crucial teams, including the main pillars, processes and attributes to design more specific IT Governance and cloud computing programs.


Al-Ruithe, Majid. Benkhelifa, Elhadj, Hameed, Khawar. (2016) A Conceptual Framework for Designing Data Givernance for Cloud Computing. The 13th Interational Conference on Mobile Systems and Pervasive Computing (MobiSPC) 2016. doi: 10.1016/j.procs.2016.08.025

Prasad, Acklesh. Peter Green. (2015). Governing cloud computing services: Reconsideration of IT governance structures. International Journal of Accounting Information Systems. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.accinf.2015.11.004

Petruch, Konstantin. Stantchev, Vladimir. Tamm, Gerrit. (2011). A Survey on IT Governance aspects of cloud computing. Int. J. Web and Grid Services. Vol. 7, No 3. 2011.


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