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Introduction to Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP)

COBIT 2019

The Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) is a non-profit organization whose mission is to assist website owners and security specialists in preventing cyber-attacks on web applications. This project has assisted the community in securing their code against cybersecurity vulnerabilities, strengthening software encryption, and reducing the number of security errors, bugs, and defects in their code over the years.

The two primary documents they produce every few years are Web Security Testing Guide and Top 10 Vulnerabilities.

OWASP Web Security Testing Guide

The OWASP Web Security Testing Guide (WSTG) is the most comprehensive cybersecurity testing resource for web application developers, security professionals, and quality assurance professionals. Company should use the OWASP Web Security Testing Guide because of the following reasons.

First, community driven. The WTSG was developed with the help of the global cybersecurity community. Penetration testers and companies all over the world utilize it because it provides a specialized framework and best practices. Next, OWAPS top 10. It is an online publication on the OWASP. Without a good testing procedure, it is difficult to test online services, and the OWASP Top 10 will come in handy in this regard.

Last, cost-effective. While businesses struggle to boost their cybersecurity budgets, free initiatives from the OWASP community will undoubtedly be the most cost-effective alternative.

OWASP Top 10 Vulnerabilities

The OWASP Top 10 is an online publication on the OWASP website that ranks the top 10 most critical web application security vulnerabilities and gives repair assistance. First, broken access control which means that attackers can acquire access to user accounts and behave as users or administrators, and normal users can gain unwanted privileged functions. Next, cryptographic Failures which cover the protection of data in transit and at rest.

After that is injection vulnerabilities in web applications that allow attackers to transmit malicious data to an interpreter, which is then compiled and executed on the server. Next, insecure design, a set of weaknesses caused by the absence or ineffectiveness of security safeguards. There is also security misconfiguration which is a lack of security hardening across the application layer. After that is vulnerable and outdated components, referring to flaws in software that is no longer supported or updated.

Next, identification and authentication failures which includes security issues with user identities as well. There is also software and data integrity failures which involve code and infrastructure that are vulnerable to integrity violations like unvalidated software updates, sensitive data modifications, and changes to the CI/CD workflow.

The following is security logging and monitoring failures, flaws in an application's capacity to detect and respond to security threats. Last is Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF) vulnerability which occurs when a web application takes data from a remote resource based on a user-specified URL without validating the URL.

Conclusion

Web application security is critical for protecting data, customers, and companies against data theft, business interruptions, and other cybercrime-related harm. To ensure web application security, businesses should thoroughly comprehend OWASP and its two primary documents, Web Security Testing Guide and Top 10 Vulnerabilities.

Reference:
packetlabs. (2021, April 21). 3 Reasons to Review the OWASP Web Security Testing Guide. https://www.packetlabs.net/owasp-web-security-testing-guide/
Foster, S. (2021, July 16). What Is OWASP? Overview + OWASP Top 10. Perforce Software. https://www.perforce.com/blog/kw/what-is-owasp-top-10
McKeever, G., Sillam, Y., R.M., Hathaway, M., Kerman, D., Lynch, B., Lynch, B., Hewitt, N., & Ray, T. (2021, November 15). What is OWASP | What are OWASP Top 10 Vulnerabilities | Imperva. Learning Center. https://www.imperva.com/learn/application-security/owasp-top-10/

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